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On November 24, 2017, the White House appointed Mick Mulvaney as acting director of the CFPB, effective November 27, 2017. Since then, concerns have been raised that Mulvaney might ‘gut” the agency. Here is a quick look at the actions of the agency since Mulvaney’s appointment:
December 2017: The CFPB changed its mission statement in December. Previously, the mission statement read: “The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is a 21st-century agency that helps consumer finance markets work by making rules more effective, by consistently and fairly enforcing those rules, and by empowering consumers to take more control over their economic lives.”
The mission statement now reads: “The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is a 21st century agency that helps consumer finance markets work by regularly identifying and addressing outdated, unnecessary, or unduly burdensome regulations by making rules more effective, by consistently and fairly enforcing those rules, and by empowering consumers to take more control over their economic lives.” (emphasis supplied).
January 16, 2018: The CFPB announced its intentions to reconsider the final payday rule which took effect January 16, 2018.
January 17, 2018: Director Mulvaney informed the Fed that the CFPB would forego any funding for the Second Quarter of 2018, stating its intent to spend down the CFPB’s reserve fund prior to requesting any additional funding. In his letter to Fed Chair Janet Yellen, Mulvaney stated:
“I have determined that no additional funds are necessary to carry out the authorities of the Bureau for FY 2018, Q2. Simply put, I have been assured that the funds currently in the Bureau Fund are sufficient for the Bureau to carry out the statutory mandates for the next fiscal quarter while striving to be efficient, effective, and accountable.”
January 17, 2018: The CFPB stated its intent to publish in the Federal Register a series of Requests for Information seeking comment on its enforcement, supervision, rulemaking, market monitoring and education activities. The Release quotes Mulvaney as stating:
“[i]n this New year, under new leadership, it is natural for the Bureau to critically examine its policies and practices to ensure they align with the Bureau’s statutory mandate.”
The first of those RFIs will review the Bureau’s Civil Investigative Demand processes and procedures.
January 24, 2018: Mulvaney indicated that the CFPB would no longer ‘push the envelope’ and instead of regulating through enforcement, would engage in more formal rulemaking. Significantly, Mulvaney also indicated that debt collection will be prioritized.
The actions of Mulvaney thus far indicate the Trump administration, at a minimum, will significantly rein in the CFPB. Based on the most recent developments, it appears more likely that a proposed debt collection rule may again be on the agenda.
Caren Enloe is a partner who concentrates her practice in consumer financial services litigation and compliance, bankruptcy, and commercial litigation with an emphasis on creditor’s rights. She has a deep understanding of the complex compliance environment surrounding the financial services industry and regularly advises financial service companies on licensing and compliance issues involving state and federal consumer protection and finance statutes. Caren is the author of a daily blog titled: Consumer Financial Services Litigation and Compliance where she posts timely and informative updates regarding the CFPB, FTC, and a host of topical litigation issues involving consumer protection law....LEARN MORE